On May 8, 2002 A.D. Dr. Malachi Z York was arrested
illegally under the name "Dwight York” in a parking lot of a
K-Mart Shopping Center in Milledgeville, GA, by FBI and over 100
law enforcement officers.
While this was transpiring, law enforcement officers from Putnam
County, Baldwin County, Columbus County, and Jones County , with
agents from the Department of Natural Resources, FBI and US
Forestry , invaded the 404 Shady Dale Rd. property in Eatonton,
GA with 400 heavily armed foot soldiers.
Sheriff: Howard Richard Sills again gave false information to
the FBI that the Yamassee tribe was stock-piling weapons and were
dangerous. He failed to mention to them that over the last 10
years the GBI, FBI, Putnam County Sheriff Department , have
raided the property over 4 times, and found no weapons or
evidence of criminal activity. Sheriff: Howard Richard Sills
failed to mention that on two of these occasions,
Dr. Malachi Z. York was taken to GBI and FBI headquarters
to be questioned and was given a lie detector test to see if he
was involved in any terroristic activities; and test results
confirmed that he was not involved in any terroristic
activities. These GBI Agents even came back to the land after
seeing that Dr. Malachi Z. York was cooperative and courteous
and willing to assist them in their investigation.
These Agents returned on numerous occasions to fish from the
lakes on the Tribe's property. He has even aided them in finding
persons that were suspected to be affiliated with the tribe, by
transferring any and all information that was filed on the
suspects were given to the agents to further their
After his illegal arrest on May 8, 2002 A.D., Dr. York was
held in Federal custody on 4 counts of transporting minors
across state lines for indecent purposes.
Five days later, on May 13, 2002 A.D., there was a new
indictment in the State with 120 counts of child molestation;
and on August 2, 2002 A.D. the State of Georgia aided by
District Attorney Fred Bright and Asst. District Attorney Dawn
Baskin illegally held a grand jury hearing to re-indict Dr.
Malachi Z. York.
The plot to use an illegal grand jury was exposed and that
indictment was quashed or dismissed on that same day. The State
of Georgia later vindictively re-indicted once again for the
third time on October 2, 2002 A.D. with 208 counts of child
These charges are fabricated to establish a criminal case
against Dr. Malachi Z. York-EL as a final effort to take the
land and get rid of the Yamassee Native American Moors located
at 404 Shady Dale Road, Maku (Chief Black Thunderbird Eagle) aka
Dr. Malachi York has continually stated his
innocence and has been ignored.
Dr. Malachi Z York was seen before Magistrate Judge Claude Hicks of
the Middle District of Macon, GA on May 9, 13, and 14 2002 A. D.
to be arraigned for the federal charges. During this hearing,
Dr. Malachi Z. York was denied bond by Judge Claude Hicks,
merely a magistrate judge, who admitted he has not seen the
factual evidence supporting the charges in the case.
Judge Claude Hicks ruled that Dr. Malachi Z. York was a danger
to the community when those who the prosecution claimed were
alleged victims had already been taken into custody. Judge
Claude Hicks stated in open court that he felt in his opinion
that if Dr. Malachi Z. York was set free, the acts for which he
was being accused of would continue.
Judge Hicks denied Dr. Malachi Z. York his right to be presumed
innocent until proven guilty and placed himself in the position
of Judge and Jury by declaring him guilty before allowing him a
Judge Claude Hicks, before gathering and balancing the facts in
compared Dr. Malachi Z. York to Jim Jones of the Jones Town
Massacre and Jimmy Swaggart who was caught with a prostitute;
and Jim Bakker , who defrauded his own congregation.
The State of Georgia, headed by Sheriff: Howard Richard Sills
also gathered the grand jury in Putnam County to bring down the
first bogus indictment.
Sills made himself:
1. A witness
2. a prosecutor for the state
3. and made a special presentment for the state.
Dr Malachi Z. York was indicted three separate times by the
State trying to cover their previous mistakes, an outright
violation of the law. These charges involve 13 alleged victims, 5 of
which said nothing ever happened to them and that none of these
alleged acts ever occurred.
In addition, Judge Spivey in Juvenile Court in Jones County of
Circuit stated in court on July 17, 2002 A.D., that none of
these particular children (Hasnaa Evans, 16; Husnaa Evans 16;
Hanaan Meritt 16; Salha Eddington 14; and Isa Johnson, 13) that
were kidnapped off the 404 Shady Dale property and placed into
the custody of The Department of Family and Children Services (DFACS)
had NO signs of ever being molested.
NOTE: the tactics of the Government
to take the Yamassee's land, the first two Hasnaa and Husnaa
the children of some of the property owners, a
FOR SALE SIGN BY OWNER was placed
in front of the Yamassee Land with the contact person being
Anthony Evans, this is why these 2 children was kidnapped,
notice the government witness list and you will see majority of
the Eddington's family as the government's witnesses, this is why the government kidnapped Salha
Eddington, and tried to use her in this case. Notice that Isa Johnson is one of the co-defendant
Johnson's son this is why they kidnapped Isa to help force Dr.
Malachi Z York-EL to plead guilty, this PLOT was well thought out.
Out of the eight that remain, 3 have recanted their statements
and the 5 that continue to accuse Dr. York were individuals left
the Yamassee property after being reprimanded for indecent
behavior that was exposed and would not be tolerated.
During pre-trial hearings in the State case on January 16th and
17th 2003 A.D., Judge William Prior denied every motion that
could help Dr. Malachi Z. York properly defend his case. He was
never officially arraigned in the state, because he was
immediately transferred to state custody to the Clayton County
Sheriff Department from federal custody at the Atlanta Federal
Penitentiary , during the middle of preparing for his
federal case 5:02-CR-27l.
This was done by the US Prosecutors, US Attorney Maxwell Wood;
Asst. US Attorney Richard Moultrie of Macon, GA; and District
Attorney Fred Bright; Asst. District Attorney Dawn Baskin of
Putnam County, GA , which is a violation of the Speedy Trial
Dr. Malachi Z York was forced, after being mentally and
physically tortured, a violation of 42 U.S.C. 1983 , to sign a
plea agreement in Federal Court on January 23, 2003 A.D. and the
State Court on January 24, 2003 A.D.
Dr. York was illegally detained by the Federal Government for
almost 2 years without a trial. He has been denied the right to
a fair trial and the right to be innocent until proven guilty.
He has been threatened with life in prison along with harm to
his family and fellow Tribal members if he persisted to taking
his case to trial.
Former defense attorneys Edward Garland and Manny Arora
attempted to have Dr. York committed to a federal mental
institution for evaluation to see if he was mentally competent
to stand trial. Dr. Malachi Z. York-EL was held at the
Metropolitan Correctional Center in New York, New York , for
this psychological evaluation for over 60 days , from August 14,
2003 - October 20, 2003 A.D.
He was found to be competent and his Native American status was
no longer in question.
Dr. William Ryan of the Bureau of Prisons
asserted in his report that , "he is a Native American/African
American and competent to stand trial" .
His heritage should no
longer be on trial and a reason to perceive him to be
After being tortured and forced to take a plea under duress, Dr.
Malachi Z York was incarcerated at the Jones County Sheriff
Department in Gray, GA for an additional 6 months while awaiting
sentencing, and the attorneys from the firm of Samuel, Garland
and Loeb after being paid $1.5 million, did not visit him once.
Attorney Frank Rubino of Miami, FL , an international lawyer,
was hired to aid Dr. Malachi Z York argue the issue of his
Native American status and putting it on the court record that
he must be tried amongst his peers as he is a Native
American, and be recognized as Maku “Chief”: Black Thunderbird
"Eagle" of the Yamassee Native Americans of the Creek Nation
Seminole, Creek, Shushuni, Washita Mound
Dr. Malachi Z. York-EL is a descendant of Ben York through Old
referred to as Yusef Ben Ali, a Malian Moor, as well as a
Seminole from the Yamassee Native American Tribe of Mound
On October 24, 2003 the Macon Telegraph Newspaper publicized
plans for a second Federal indictment which tainted the grand
jury because of the negative pre-indictment publicity.
The Middle District and Northern Districts of Georgia were
spoiled, which is supported by the change of venue granted by
Judge C. Ashley Royal. Judge C. Ashley Royal's order stated that
the negative media that has been published by the Macon
Telegraph and Atlanta Journal Constitution about Nuwaubians and
Dr. Malachi Z York-EL has been monitored by the court over the
years and these biased articles will adversely affect him being
able to receive a fair trial.
The trial was moved to Brunswick, GA , which is in the Southern
District of Georgia and it was revealed that The Brunswick News
was given information by Putnam County Sheriff: Howard Richard
Sills, who in turn printed an article in their small town
newspaper titled "Cult Leader to Stand Trial in Glynn" .
Sheriff: Sills is vindictively spoiled the venue, as he
previously did when the State trial was moved 20 minutes down
the road to Newton County, Covington, GA. Sheriff: Howard
Richard Sills has purposely worked to keep Dr. Malachi Z York-EL
from receiving a fair trial.
In a letter drafted by Asst. District Attorney Richard Moultrie
and sent to Attorney Edward Garland, Attorney Manubir
Arora and Attorney Frank A. Rubino, dated October 2, 2003 A.D.,
Federal Prosecutors US Attorney Max Wood and Asst. US Attorney
Richard Moultrie stated their intentions to seek a second
Federal indictment scheduled for November 15, 2003 A.D.
On November 20, 2003 A.D. the United States Government
superseded the then-current indictment of 4 counts of
Transporting Minors for the purpose of unlawful sexual activity
and presented a new indictment to the grand jury in Macon, GA
for violations of the RICO statutes and the Mann Act. The new
indictment now alleges that the Nuwaubian Nation of Moors was
established for child molestation purposes.
This second indictment was done because the government would not
be able to try the case with out the RICO statute because the
alleged actions were outside of the statute of limitations. The
Grand Jury was drawn out of the Middle District of Georgia a
location where Judge C. Ashley Royal had already ruled was
tainted with negative pre-trial publicity. This second
indictment was a re-indictment not a superceding indictment. In
order for the indictment to be a superceding indictment, there
would need to be new evidence presented which creates a manifest
need for a superceding indictment.
WOW!!! This new
indictment took the government 19 MONTHS to come up with this
shows that the federal government didn't do a thorough
investigation and that they will do anything in their power to
SETUP our Maku Black Thunderbird Eagle.
On December 16, 2003 A.D. Judge C. Ashley Royal stated in a
public hearing that he would seek to have the court room closed
to the public during the trial, yet he would allow only the
media to be present in the court room, which is a violation of
Dr. Malachi Z. York’s 6th Amendment right granted by the
Constitution of the United States of America and a violation of
the drafted Declaration of Human Rights for the United Nations.
The Federal Trial: United States v. Dwight York
After nearly two years in pretrial detention, January 5th 2004
A.D. marked the start of the Federal trial against our Dr.
Malachi Z. York, U.S. Federal District Court Judge C. Ashley
Royal presiding. The Trial was held in Judge Royal's hometown of
Brunswick, Georgia in the Southern Judicial District due to
negative pre-trial publicity. Jury selection began at 9:00 AM.
Over 150 potential jurors entered the courthouse after passing
an excessive amount of heavily armed Federal and Local police.
There were no demonstrations or protests outside of the
courthouse through the duration of the entire trial.
Several of the prosecution's witnesses are on the payroll of the
FBI and government agencies. Immunity agreements were given to
the REAL children abusers Sakina Parham had an active Child
Abuse Case before this Bogus Child Molestation Case. Other
witnesses for the prosecution included child abusers, and
strippers. One of the prosecution's witnesses at the end of her
testimony said, "It must all be a dream".
On numerous occasions during the case, Presiding Judge C. Ashley
Royal helped in the prosecution’s case by entering evidence sua
sponte [Latin - of one's own accord, voluntarily] without
prompting or suggestion.
Listen to our Maku's own words about this unjust
The United States government claimed they had 200 witnesses but
only called 47 and out of those 47, most were FBI agents, and
there were only 7 alleged victims. Out of those 7 alleged
victims, 3 had stated the truth that nothing happened and
changed their stories after being threatened and pressured by
the government and their parents.
The remaining 4 contradicted themselves on the stand and 1 even
admitted to lying to the grand jury. Witnesses for the
government also lied about the raid that took place at 404 Shady
Dale Road, on May 8, 2002 A.D. denying the use of tear gas, and
excessive force. During this siege, there were guns pointed at
women and children and even on babies. Body bags were seen
during the raid being brought in bulk in anticipation of the
Children were kidnapped and questioned without their parents’
consent or knowledge what went on in these interrogations and
the government said they didn't video or audio record these
interrogations, this is more proof that these alleged victims
said in these interrogations that they were never molested.
Throughout the course of the trial, there were no videos or
pictures of any molestation
produced. The Federal Bureau of Investigation claimed to have
Malachi Z York, yet nothing was produced in the trial showing
investigation such as surveillance videos or audio, etc.
Because the Government knew its case was fake and based on false
allegations, they did
not even call or contact some of their own witnesses who they
claimed to be alleged victims in the indictment. In fact, the
defense called some of the alleged victims named in the
indictment, who testified for the Defense, on behalf of Dr.
Malachi Z York, maintaining that NOTHING ever happened and that
he is innocent.
The prosecution closed and rested their case, and subsequently
re-opened their case under
the guise of putting up rebuttal witnesses to respond to the
Defense’ case, when actually they were new witnesses.
Why? The prosecution realized they lost and were trying to save
their case by calling new witnesses to the stand. Upon deciding
a verdict, the jury was hung and in matter of one hour, the sole
dissenting juror was persuaded to bring down a guilty verdict.
This juror, number 62 maintained that Dr. Malachi Z York was set
up and that she had heard of another case where someone was
found guilty that was actually innocent. Despite the devastating
case presented by the defense, a Guilty verdict came down on 10
of the 11 counts against Dr. Malachi Z York.
In an attempt to obscure the numerous errors made, Judge C.
Ashley Royal has sealed the
transcripts to the trial. In fact, the prosecution only asked
the transcripts to be partially
sealed to protect the identities of the witnesses who testified
who were under 18, but
Judge Royal went beyond that extent to have the entire document
sealed from the public.
On numerous occasions during the case, Presiding Judge C. Ashley
Royal helped in the
prosecution’s case by entering evidence sua sponte [Latin - of
one's own accord,
voluntarily] without prompting or suggestion. This is only one
instance of Judge C.
Ashley Royal demonstrating bias, favoring the prosecution. He
also acknowledged that
he monitored the United Nuwaubian Nation of Moors website during
the trial. Even in
a the pretrial hearing on December 16, 2004 A.D. he stated, “The
reality of the situation
is so much of what’s out there has been put out there on the web
site. So I’ve looked at
the material from the web site. I’m familiar with all of that.”
(December 16, 2004
Transcript P.74, L. 11-13)
Judge C. Ashley Royal also would not allow Dr.
Malachi Z York-EL to
even get a pencil during the trial, which prohibited him from
taking notes that would aid
in his defense. Royal also rushed the trial, even holding court
during the Dr. Martin
Luther King Holiday , which stood in violation of the Federal
Rules of Criminal
Procedure and was a blatant disrespect of Dr. King’s legacy.
Judge Royal justified his actions by stating that trials of this
nature have to be pushed along, there were witnesses from out of
town and that the trial had already lasted two weeks and he did
not want to further tax the jury’s memory by being out of court
an additional day. The trial only began to be rushed once the
defense began mounting its case. After the government was given
nearly two weeks to mount their case, the Judge began stating
his concern about the speed of the trial and the necessity of
testimony once the Defense witnesses were on the
From the beginning, there was a campaign by the U.S. Government
and the F.B.I. to
saturate the media with false allegations and exaggerations to
taint any potential jury
pool. There was also a concentrated effort in the media to
defame, slander, and character
assassinate Dr. Malachi Z York. They wanted to find him guilty
in the court of public
opinion before any trial even took place. His presumption of
innocence was lost from the
beginning of this case.
It’s a number game. The media reports that he is charged with
208 counts of child
molestation in the case that the State of Georgia has against
him to insinuate that there are
208 alleged victims. They say they have 200 witnesses to imply
that 200 people saw the
alleged molestation take place. Don't be fooled . There are no
208 alleged victims, there
are 13 and out of those 13, 5 of them were kidnapped during the
invasion and raid of the
property at 404 Shady Dale Rd and taken into the custody of
DFACS by former
Detective and sidekick of Sheriff Sills, and now known drug
Noel Lee Wilson.
Those 5 alleged victims stated they were NEVER molested and 4 of
them have been
released to their parents. 1 remains in DFACS custody and still
maintains that nothing
ever happened. Of the 8 remaining alleged victims, 3 have
recanted their statements as
well as told reasons for lying in the first place. They were
forced to lie and promised
money and other things.
This leaves 5 alleged victims in which the prosecution said from
their own mouths, which can be verified in the public
transcripts, that they have no videotapes, pictures, or physical
evidence that is consistent with the charges. As for the 200
so-called witnesses, 175 of them are State and Federal Agents
that participated in the invasion and raid of the property at
404 Shady Dale Rd. This leaves 25, and of that, 18 are people
that resided or were visiting the property at 404 Shady Dale Rd.
and Athens. This leaves 7 so-called Witnesses. These 7 so-called
witnesses have so much dirty laundry. We have witnesses, sworn
statements, diaries, letters, and pictures of the orgies and
deviant sexual behavior of these 7 individuals.
How they were into group sex exchanging partners,
Defense had witnesses that attacked every aspect of the
These witnesses refuted all of their BOGUS claims including: Dr. Malachi Z York is the undisputed leader and sole
controller of everything and everybody in the organization –
Horace Wright, the leader of the London community, testified to
clear up this falsehood.
Horace told the jury that he has video and audio tapes of
himself teaching and leading his
congregation in London. Horace also testified and told the jury
what the word Imam
really means " one up front " and that he himself is the Imam
over in London. He also told the jury that there is no way that Malachi York could be Jesus
or God or even 6000
years old, and be born June 26th 1945. Horace read the back
cover of a video taped
lecture of Dr. Malachi Z York where Mr. York says "I
am NOT Jesus
or a Prophet". So much for those allegations!!!
Dr. Malachi York sexually molested under aged boys and girls - FALSE
Every witness for the defense adamantly denied any such
allegation. They also denied
seeing anyone else being molested. The Defense called 8 of the
prosecution's very own
alleged victims that they named in the indictment. All 8 denied
any allegations of
molestations. They all said NO! Some of these alleged victims
were served subpoenas,
but were never called by the prosecution.
Why? Because they knew that they would say NO because its all
FALSE. 2 of these alleged victims, Sakina Woods and Qiturah
Lampkin weren't even served a subpoena, yet they were listed as
victims in the indictment. The Government is well aware of the
lies and plot to destroy Dr. Malachi Z York.
Dr. Malachi Z York transported or caused minors to be
transported for unlawful sex – FALSE
Even the prosecution's own witnesses testified that Malachi York
did NOT transport any
alleged victims from New York to Georgia. They testified that
they traveled with their
parents or others, but not with Dr. Malachi York. The
defense witnesses testified
that Dr. Malachi Z York did NOT order anyone to
travel to Georgia
from New York.
Dr. Malachi Z York-EL taught his followers that he is God - FALSE
Not even the prosecution's witnesses testified to that. This is
something the media along
with the FBI and Government wants the public to believe in order
to say Dr. Malachi
York had control over people. All of the defense witnesses
laughed at the U.S. Attorney
when this issue came up in court.
Dr. Malachi Z York-EL claimed to be Jesus - FALSE
The Government claims that Malachi York ordered his followers to
refer to him as
Imam Isa, which they say means “Father” and “Jesus”
respectively. Firstly, no one
testified that Dr. Malachi York ordered anyone to call him
Imam Isa. Secondly,
anyone can look up the Arabic word Imam and see that it means
"one up front". The
prosecution stuck their foot in their mouth when it comes to the
word "Isa" meaning
Jesus because Isa Johnson, an alleged victim called to the stand
by the prosecution and
said he was NEVER molested and NEVER saw anyone get molested.
His name is also
Isa, and thus would also make him “Jesus”, which was never
asserted by the prosecution
although it is the same name.
Dr. Malachi York structured cash to evade reporting
requirements - FALSE
Defense witness Neil Dukoff who is Malachi York's tax accountant
and whose father was
his accountant before that for over 30 years. Mr. Dukoff
testified, from 1996 to 2001, Dr.Malachi Z York reported well over 1 MILLION dollars in taxes for
EACH year. He
also testified that Malachi Z York paid MORE taxes that he
should have for each of those
years. Dr. Malachi Z York was NEVER audited by the IRS and never
notice from the IRS. The prosecution produced NO such documents.
You be the judge.
Why would Dr. Malachi Z York even open a bank account if he was
trying to evade
On April 23, 2004 A.D., Rev. Dr. Malachi Z York-EL was
sentenced to 135 years, an
excessive sentence an innocent man, and for the crimes for which
he was falsely accused.
In addition, the sentence was based on Sentencing guidelines for
2002 A.D. when the
guidelines for 1993 A.D. should have been used.
Following the Sentencing Hearing, a Restitution Hearing was held
in order to determine
whether alleged victims should receive money as restitution for
perpetrated against them This resulted in Dr. Malachi
Z York having to
pay the Government’s partial cost of prosecution of $113,402.53
as well as $579.000 in
restitution, payment to the victims and to cover psychiatric
treatment and educational
services. On May 7, 2004 A.D. a Restitution Order in the amount
of $566,066 was
granted & signed by Judge C. A. Royal.
The alleged victims did not receive any
so-called relief from this Restitution, and only one of the
witnesses Sakina Parham "said out of her own mouth that she went
to receive this psychiatric treatment again showing Sakina
interest in seeking money from the governments promise.
The criminal case against Dr. Malachi York-EL
was appealed to the United
States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals in Atlanta, Georgia, and
the appellate attorneys
were granted Oral arguments. The appeal was denied. A 2255
motion for Habeas Corpus
filing was submitted on June 26, 2007 . The same judge whose
misconduct is one of the
main points of the 2255 filing also ruled on this filing, which
was denied. In support of
the 2255 filing, numerous amendments were filed.
There was an amendment filed calling on Dr. York’s sentence to
be vacated due to prosecutorial misconduct. This filing was
supported by numerous affidavits by witnesses for the
prosecution and alleged victims who state they were threatened,
coerced and forced to perjure themselves on the witness stand
while testifying against Dr. York. In addition, local, state,
and federal investigators completely ignored established
protocols while investigating this case. Out of a total of 40
interviews of witnesses and alleged victims not one of these
interviews were recorded; there is not one audio or video tape
recording of their statements which further substantiates their
claims that they were coerced to testify against Dr. York.
A complaint was filed pursuant to 28 USC 351 filed by 200
Tabernacle Ministries one of the Yamassee's active beliefs known
as (HTM)- ( located at 404 Shady Dale Road, Eatonton GA which
was raided May 8th 2002 A.D.) and members of the community who
witnessed biasness in Dr. York’s case and other cases. This
complaint was based on the religious profiling, discrimination
and biasness that Judge C. Ashley Royal has shown in Dr. York’s
case and others resulting in Royal’s cognitive ability being
called into question.
Examples of this include: refusing to RECUSE himself despite
conflict of interest in Dr. York’s case; demonstrating negative
sentiments against Dr. York and members of the Yamassee Tribe;
insinuating the threat of violence from Yamassee Tribual
Members, profiling its
predominantly African American and Latino congregation; refusal
to give Dr. York a continuance leaving him within violation of
Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure 56 (c); presiding on cases
of other Nuwaubians before during and after Dr. York’s case;
using 2002 sentencing guidelines instead of 1993 sentencing
guidelines, turned a blind eye to prosecutorial misconduct;,
facilitated prosecutorial misconduct; and gagged key witnesses
who would testify to the conspiracy against Dr. York.
Dr. York has been held at United States Penitentiary
Administrative Maximum in Florence, Colorado since 2007 A.D .
According to the most recent Statement by Manfred Nowak, United
Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture and other cruel, inhuman
or degrading treatment or punishment on October 23, 2008 in New
York, solitary confinement is considered torture. Dr. York has
been in solitary confinement since he has been in the USP ADMax
It is in the bylaws that solitary confinement leads to insanity;
it is torture for someone to lack human contact for extended
Dr. York never belonged at Florence to begin with according to
his custody classification. Dr. York has been continually
targeted by disciplinary actions by the prison that go against
Bureau of Prisons (BOP) policy. He has not been allowed to see
his children, which goes against BOP policy. In addition,
according to BOP policy he can write books, however he has
received disciplinary action against him for allegedly writing.
Dr. Malachi Z York-EL has been unjustly accused, tried and persecuted
by the United States Justice system without being under their
jurisdiction. We wish to bring this case of gross injustice to
the eyes of the public with the hope that they will come to his
support, contacting public officials, organizations nationally
and internationally to come to his aid.